David Mearns is a Director
of Blue Water Recoveries (BWR), a leading deep-sea technology firm
specialising in the location and investigation of modern and historic
shipwrecks. During his 15-year career based in America and Britain
he has led the research and discovery of over 45 shipwrecks lost
in water depths from 600 to 5,800 metres. His most celebrated finds
include Lucona – a cargo ship sunk by a time
bomb as part of an Austrian insurance fraud scheme, Derbyshire – a
bulk carrier lost with all hands in 1980 that represents the
single largest loss in British maritime history, and Esmeralda – an
early 16th century Portuguese caravel in the fleet of
Vasco da Gama located by BWR 494 years after it sank.
Web - Blue
Water Recoveries Ltd
email - email@example.com
On completion of the M.Sc.
in Maritime Archaeology at Bangor University in 1990, Garry spent
a couple of years at sea as a seismic navigator. This was followed
by involvement in marine archaeological projects as a volunteer
before becoming a tutor in the Nautical Archaeology Society (NAS)
Training Programme in 1993. During 1994 Garry obtained professional
diving qualifications and started work for the Hampshire & Wight
Trust for Maritime Archaeology (HWTMA), employed on a contractual
Between 1994 and 1997 Garry worked as a NAS Training Officer,
HWTMA field Officer and visiting lecturer at both Bristol and Southampton
Universities. In 1997 he took the post of full time Archaeological
Officer for the HWTMA where Garry was am responsible for the Trust
fieldwork and practical training. Garry also plays an active
role alongside the director presenting talks, and representing
the Trust on local and national committees.
- Solent Marine Archaeological Project (SOLMAP): Director
- Survey of Alum Bay Wreck Site: Director
- Coastal Change Climate and Instability: EC LIFE Project:
- Itchen River Project HWTMA survey of Intertidal archaeology
along the Itchen River in conjunction with Southampton City Archaeology.
- Investigation of an Ancient Fish Trap in Caernarfon
Bay, N. Wales.
- Topographical Surveys of Menai Straits.
- Excavation of Rye Barge. Now in Hastings
Shipwreck Heritage Centre.
- Krogen Project, Supervisor; survey of the Severn wreck, Sweden.
- Manager of Shore Base for SUBMAP: 91 divers
surveyed the Resurgam.
- Bucklers Hard Site Survey and Excavation: Field Officer
/ Assistant to Director
- Langstone Harbour Survey and Excavation (submerged landscape):
- Wooton Quarr underwater Survey (submerged landscape):
Officer / SupervisorNeedles Underwater Survey of Pomone:
Officer / SupervisorCo-ordination of Welsh Projects as NAS
Training Officer for Wales
- Over 30 NAS Part I Courses
- Over 20 NAS Part II Survey Fieldschools
- Mulberry Harbour Project: Organiser / Co-ordinator
- South Wales Marine Archaeological Project: Organiser
/ Co-ordinator, Survey of intertidal hulks in conjunction
with Dyfed Archaeological Trust
PUBLICATIONS / REPORTS
- Gorad Beuno: Investigation of an Ancient Fish
Trap in Caernarfon Bay, N. Wales. I.J.N.A. (1991) 20.2:95-109.
- West Bay Archaeological Assessment: Research & Report
- New Forest Shoreline Archaeological Assessment: Research & Report
- Southampton Water EIA: Assessment & Report
- Nash Bank EIA: Assessment & Report
- Nab / Owers EIAs: 6 Desk based Assessments & Reports
- West Solent Shoreline Management Plan: Archaeological
assessment & Report
- Larne Lough EIA: Desk based assessment & Report
- Submarine Fibre Optic System in Celtic Sea EIA: Interpretation,
Assessment & Report
- NAS Newsletters and HWTMA Annual Reports.
- Underwater Research and Discovery Conference; Lecturing and
- Archaeological Column in Diver Magazine
web - Hants
and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology
email - Garry.Momber@soc.soton.ac.uk
Kimberly Monk is
director of the Great Lakes Institute for Marine Research (GLIMR)
dedicated to documenting and preserving Great
heritage. She also serves as co-founder of the Maritime Archaeological
Research Initiative (MARI), whose work focuses on shipwreck
research in the Upper
Florida Keys with
the cooperation of the US National Parks Service and the Florida
Keys National Marine Sanctuary. She
is currently a PhD student in the Department of Archaeology
at the University of Bristol ;
her dissertation entitled: “HMS
Anatomy of a 17th Century Royal Navy Frigate.” She
holds an MA in maritime history and nautical archaeology from
the Program in Maritime Studies at East Carolina University,
and a BA in anthropology from the University of Western
The Great Lakes contain over 6,000 shipwrecks, ranging in date
from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries. The preservative
qualities of these cold, freshwater lakes present an opportunity
for archaeological research almost unparalleled anywhere else in
the world. Only recently, however, have archaeologists endeavored
to survey and inventory the extensive material culture submerged
throughout this region.
The physical environment of the Great Lakes placed a number of
constraints on navigation and vessel design. Although most shipbuilders
faced these challenges when constructing lake vessels, none were
more aware than those who were in the business of building sailing
canal ships, or sailing canallers. Their ingenuity and drive resulted
in the sailing canallers that are the chief focus of this presentation.
Welland sailing canallers dominated the seaways between 1846
and 1880. These vessels were built to conform to the dimensions
of the second Welland Canal, connecting Lake Ontario to Lake
Erie. Although this vessel type was not the only form employed
for cargo carriage on the Great Lakes, the great numbers produced
and the many locations at which they were manufactured underscore
their centrality. It is not an exaggeration to claim that the
sailing canaller was the single most important vessel type plying
North America's inland seas during the nineteenth century.
Archaeology has provided a unique opportunity to study the
features of three sailing canallers. Investigations of
the Sligo , Bermuda , and China shipwrecks
have offered a cross-section of features employed on these vessels.
Archival sources provide some information on construction of
canal ships but are not exhaustive in architectural schematics
and design details. The adaptation to Welland sailing canal
ships, as a result of changing economic times, remains best examined
through physical study.
email : firstname.lastname@example.org
web : Great
Lakes Institute for Marine Research
Moore has been involved in maritime history and shipwreck research
for over nineteen years, including stints as an underwater archaeologist
for the states of North Carolina and Florida.
He has conducted field
research on over 100 shipwrecks dating from the 16th to
19th centuries. An alumnus of the University of
North Carolina at Wilmington with a B.A. in Environmental Marine
Science (May 1980), Moore traveled to Florida in 1983 as an
archaeological consultant soon after completing course work
for a Master's degree in Maritime History and Nautical Archaeology
at East Carolina University.
His work in Florida included the structural investigation
of the 17th century Spanish galleons Nuestra
Senora de Atocha, Santa Margarita, and
the San Martin. He directed the first deep-water
shipwreck excavation utilizing robotic technology.
As Principle Investigator on the Henrietta Marie
Project, his efforts led to the completion of a Master's thesis
in 1989 on the historical and archaeological investigations of
this significant slave ship site which was instrumental in the
development of a major traveling exhibition currently touring
the country. Born, raised, and educated in North Carolina, Moore
returned to his home state in February 1996 when hired by the
North Carolina Maritime Museum in Beaufort.
He began researching the potential for locating
Blackbeard’s shipwrecks in 1982 and is helping to direct
the excavation of what is thought to be the pirate’s flagship Queen
Anne’s Revenge. His research efforts into the historical
background of North Carolina’s most infamous pirate are
also the focal point of a Ph.D. dissertation through King’s
email : email@example.com
web : Queen
Steve Mortimer's happiest on Saturday mornings when he sets off with friends for a weekend's diving on unknown shipwrecks off the South West coasts. A diver for 20 years, Steve has used mixed gases since 1995 and currently dives an Inspiration Vision rebreather when he can't get away with his trusty open circuit equipment.
email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Atilio Nasti graduated
in Anthropology at the University of Buenos Aires in 1986 and
has been a Doctor in Archaeology since 1991. For ten years he carried
out a regional investigation of vertebrate taphonomy in the Puna
of Atacama Region as a Scientific Researcher in the National
Anthropological Institute with financial support from the National
Council of Scientific and Technical Research.
Atilio has also worked as a Forensic
Research specialist for the Court and Police Department. Since
1999 he has been Scientific Director of the Maldonado Underwater
Archaeological Project working with Oxford University MARE
(Maritime Archaeological Research) and the Isla de Lobos Project
in Punta del Este, Uruguay.
PUBLICATIONS / REPORTS
- 2001 - Spanish Troopship Salvador. www.nordic
- 2001 - . H.M.S Agamemnon. www.sub-arch.com
- 2001 - Elementos de cuero rescatado del navío español Salvador. www.sub-arch.com
- 2001 - Recovery and conservation of navigational instruments
from the Spanish troopship Salvador which sank
in 1812 in Maldonado Bay, Punta del Este, Uruguay. The International
Journal of Nautical Archaeology 30.2:279-281
- 2002 – Arqueología Subacuatica en las Cercanías
a la Isla de Lobos. www.sub-arch.com
email : email@example.com
Mike O’Meara has
a long and successful involvement in the subsea world. He
started his career in the Royal Navy, and after training as a clearance
diver was involved in a variety of naval diving operations before
leaving the RN in 1975. He continued diving for a number of commercial
diving companies before joining the newly formed Wharton Williams
in 1978 as a diving superintendent. In this capacity Mike
was responsible for the offshore management of diving support vessels
and project teams and the implementation of subsea projects in
the North Sea , Middle East and Asia . These projects involved
a range of commercial diving techniques including air, gas, saturation
and lockout submarines. After 23 years as an Offshore Manager in
1991 Mike was tasked with reviewing the Cullen report and the impending
UK Safety Case Regulations following the Piper “A” disaster. The
outcome of this work was the formal introduction to the company
of risk identification and assessment as a specific planning
tool in support of safe operations.
Through the years many changes in company ownership and structure
have taken place. These have involved the following leading subsea
engineering and construction companies:, Wharton Williams, Brown & Root,
Rockwater, Subsea Offshore, Halliburton Subsea and DSND into the
present day Subsea 7. Mike is Vice President responsible
for Health, Safety Environmental and Quality Strategy for Subsea
7. In 1981 he was the Wharton Williams Diving Superintendent responsible
for the successful salvage of £40 million pounds of gold
bullion from the Second World War British cruiser HMS Edinburgh resting
in 800 feet water depth in the Barents Sea.
email - Mike.O'Meara@Subsea7.com
web - http://www.subsea7.com/
Born in Cheshire in 1935 and spent his formative years on a
farm. In 1953 joined the Grenadier Guards.
He first started diving in 1956 whilst serving as Assault Pioneer Sergeant during
the Suez Crisis when on attachment to 45 Commando attending a minefield
and demolition course.
On leaving the Guards went into the construction
industry. To continue diving, joined East Lancashire BSAC and
with their help founded the East Cheshire BSAC holding the posts
of Chairman, Training Officer and Secretary. In 1979 the Club made
him an Honorary Life Member. In 1983 attained his commercial
1982 was an eventful year for him. At the beginning
of the year along with members of the East Cheshire Club, he
was involved with locating parts of the Penlee Life boat. Also
moved to Devon where he started a Dive boat Charter business at
Hope Cove and joined the Nautical Archaeology Society SW, serving
on the committee as Secretary and Chairman as well as a member
of NAS national committee and also became a NAS part I instructor.
1983 he formed the Bigbury bay investigation team looking for
historical wrecks in the SW and in 1989 they were joined by members
of Northampton and other Midlands BSAC and formed the South West
Marine Archaeology Group with whom they have been fortunate to
have located several of South Devon’s premier Historic wrecks sites.
Erme Ingot site 1000 B.C (for which they won the BSAC Duke of Edinburgh’s
Jubilee Prize,) Erme Estuary Cannon site 1632, the Salcombe Cannon
site 1635 and Salcombe B Bronze Age site 3000 B.C. These are now
all protected Historic wreck sites.
He is also the Licensee of the
Moor Sands Historic site 3000 B.C. Other projects that he is
involved with are the investigation of HMS Venerable 1804, The
Gossamer 1868, Chanteloupe 1772, San Pedro El Mayor 1588 and the
Dartmouth Cannon site 1577.
Now aged 71 he has been involved in diving for
50 years and is still diving regularly.
email - firstname.lastname@example.org
beginning his archaeological career as a digger in the late Seventies,
Ian Oxley learnt to dive and joined the Mary
Rose project as diving Finds Assistant. >Following
the excavation and recovery of the Tudor warship he specialised
in shipwreck environmental archaeology, progressing to become
the Trust’s Archaeological Scientist. He
has held many voluntary offices in societies such as the Institute
of Field Archaeologists and helped develop the Nautical Archaeology
Society Training Programme. Moving
to St Andrews in 1988 to spend ten years with the Archaeological
Diving Unit he set up and directed the voluntary Maritime Fife
project. After embarking
on research into the management of historic shipwreck sites in
Scotland at Heriot-Watt University, he joined Historic Scotland
as an Assistant Inspector of Ancient Monuments before moving
to English Heritage as Head of Maritime Archaeology.
Heritage Act (NHA 2002) corrected an anomaly in the way archaeology
was managed in England and gave responsibility to English Heritage
for maritime archaeology to the 12nm Territorial Limit.Prior
to the Act English Heritage published its initial policy on maritime
archaeology Taking to the
Water (Roberts & Trow 2002) which discussed the broad
characteristics of the maritime archaeological resource in English
territorial waters, the character of inventories of marine archaeological
sites and the role and relationships of professional maritime
archaeologists, amateur maritime archaeologists, recreational
divers, and other sea users.The
policy also outlined how English Heritage could fulfil its new
obligations to better understand and manage the maritime archaeological
Understanding and managing the non-renewable resource maritime
archaeological resource poses a wide variety of challenges and
this presentation will describe the work that is underway in identifying
and protecting significant sites, and in raising the awareness
of other sea users and the wider community about England’s
submerged historic environment and its potential.
Roberts, P. & S. Trow, 2002, Taking
to the Water: English Heritage’s Initial Policy for the
Management of Maritime Archaeology in England. English
Heritage, London. Downloadable from http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/(click
on Archaeology > Our Work > Maritime Archaeology > link
Web - English
email - email@example.com
Paola Palma is a Research Fellow in Bournemouth University working on the English Heritage funded Shipwreck Importance project and the environmental monitoring of the Swash Channel Protected Wreck Site.
She graduated at Ca' Foscari University in Venice and gained an
MA in Maritime Archaeology at Southampton University. Her first
degree thesis was research carried out on the investigation of
the II Century Roman wreck in Genoa-Pegli, originally excavated
by Professor Nino Lamboglia. This was followed by work throughout
Italy, mainly on Roman Shipwrecks (for example the Marble Column
Wreck in Tuscany, Iulia Felix in NE Italy). On moving to England
she undertook her MA research on the place of the Cog within the
maritime and cultural transmission of Medieval Europe, the cog
in Italian medieval sources and the Jungfrusckar Cog in Sweden.
On completing her MA Paola worked for the Nautical Archaeology
Society and the Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology
before moving to the Mary Rose Trust to work initially on the
Fiskerton Logboat (circa 500 BC) before she took on responsibility
for the scientific aspects of the EU funded Monitoring of Shipwreck
Sites (MoSS) Project where she worked on environmental threats
to and in situ monitoring of shipwreck sites. Later she undertook
environmental monitoring of the Mary Rose site were her work discovered
important indicators of changes within British Coastal waters caused
by global warming. Her work on the MoSS project was recently nominated
for the Keith Muckelroy Award.
She is a Member of the Institute
if Field Archaeologists, one of the co-organisers of both the
MAG conferences and co-author of their proceedings.
Dave Parham is a Senior Lecture in Marine Archaeology at Bournemouth University. A graduate of the University of Wales, Bangor and Southampton University he learnt to dive at the age of 15 because of a consuming interest in shipwrecks and has worked throughout the UK, the Baltic, Eastern Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean. He has worked for the Alderney Elizabethan Shipwreck Project (about which he spoke at the International Shipwreck Conference in 1996) the Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology, the Nautical Archaeology Society, Southampton University and Wessex Archaeology. He is a former Council Member for the Institute of Field Archaeologists and former Chair of its Maritime Affairs Group.
Dave designed and he is Program Leader for Bournemouth University's
BSc Marine Archaeology Program and Co-director of its Centre for
Marine and Coastal Archaeology. He is the currently directing research
on almost 30% of England's Protected Wreck Sites and the archaeological
advisor for both Neville Oldham and the South West Maritime Archaeological
Jon has been diving and involved in underwater projects, both at work and for fun, for more than 40 years. Initially inspired by Cousteau, Hass and Sea Hunt, Jon went on to dive with the Royal Navy, police and several other diving organisations. During that time he has experienced diving in many different environments, undertaking a wide range a tasks.
Jon is also a diving instructor with BSAC, PADI and DAN. A member of the Nautical Archaeology Society (NAS) since 1990, Jon has worked on a number of underwater and terrestrial sites in the UK and Northern Europe. He is a NAS Tutor and previously the coordinator for the South West Region. In 2004, Jon completed a four year appointment as a member of the Advisory Committee on Historic Wreck Sites.
At a local level Jon has been involved for many years recording and raising awareness of the sites of Die Frau Metta Catherina Von Flensberg (1786), in Plymouth Sound, and HMS Coronation (1691), off Penlee Point.
He is currently employed as a member of the training team at the Diving Diseases Research Centre in Plymouth.
email - firstname.lastname@example.org
Pitts is an ex-Army helicopter technician who transferred to
the Royal Marines. Michael left the Marines and then
worked in Israel from
age of 23 using a housed Super-8 camera to film the underwater
world. Michael completed an HSE Part 1 at Fort Bovisand aged 28 then worked offshore as an inspection diver in the
North Sea ,
Persian Gulf and off Nigeria. Michael is a qualified Diver
Medic, Trimix & Rebreather Diver.
started filming around the rigs off Nigeria with a 16mm Airflex
camera for Anglia TV and has worked on the TV programmes Private
Life of Plants, Walking with Dinosaurs, Walking with Beasts,
The Blue Planet and numerous other projects.
is mostly interested in diving in the Pacific
email - email@example.com
Martin Read was born in Surrey and brought
up in Middlesex, Durham & Plymouth. Martin has a degree
in Archaeological Conservation from the University of Wales.
Worked as a conservator in various archaeology organisations
in Britain such as English Heritage, the Mary Rose Trust and
York Archaeological Trust and with the British Institute
of Archaeology in Turkey.
Returned to Plymouth in 1989 to take
an HND in Computer Studies & an MSc in Intelligent Systems.
Works full-time as a System Analyst/Programmer and Database
designer and lectures part-time in Nautical Archaeology in
the University of Plymouth.
At present Martin is researching into Maritime Industries such
as rope making and sites such as the Cattewater wreck, as
well as supervising student projects including a hulk survey
of the Tamar-Plym-Yealm system and the wreck of the SS James
email : M.Read@plymouth.ac.uk
Born in Halifax last century. Started diving in 1966 with the RAF in Cyprus. Moved to Australia in 1972 and became interested in shipwrecks. Main interest is early marine steam engineering and iron and steel shipwreck formation processes. Has developed many technique to record sites to depths of 100 metres. Author of The Waterline Theory 1984. Led many expeditions to discover and record wrecks in Australia. Shipwreck Deterioration Consultant to all States in Australia and overseas. Team member on AE2 in Turkey with the role of positive identification, condition assessment and constructing a model of the site for the major sponsor.
Recently retired from the Security Industry and is on a round world trip to check out the shipwreck scene. Thinks that Maritime Archaeology is not Rocket Science as many would try to make it. Still dive to depths over 60 metres and think the best shipwreck is always the last one I found.
email : M.Read@plymouth.ac.uk
Brendon has worked as an electrical engineer since leaving school
in 1989. After learning to dive in 1995 with BSAC branch Peninsula
Sub Aqua Club he has held most positions on the committee and
is currently Chairman. A very active instructor with the branch
he also teaches specialist diving related courses for the Kernow
Association of Sub Aqua Clubs.
was instrumental in the founding of the Cornwall and
Isles of Scilly Maritime Archaeology Society. A committee
member of CISMAS, he acts as diving supervisor for the group’s
expeditions. He has been involved in a number of archaeological
projects involving historical research, geophysical surveys
and underwater searches and surveys, most recently on the
debris field of HMS Colossus (1787-1798). Other
interests include underwater video and digital photography.
Spooner is founder and President of the Anglo~Danish Maritime
Archaeological Team (ADMAT), a non-profit organization working
on the preservation of historic shipwrecks in the Caribbean.
He has directed numerous excavations and surveys including,
House Bay Wreck (1780s), La
Viette (1802), Faience
Wreck (1760), Le
Casimir (1829), Carron
Wreck (1802) Tile
Wreck (1690) Musket
Ball Wreck (1790)
and the survey for Santiago (1582) and
the lost 1563 Spanish Fleet
Spooner is founder and President of the Anglo~Danish Maritime
Archaeological Team (ADMAT), a non-profit organization
working on the preservation of historic shipwrecks in the
Caribbean. He has directed numerous excavations and surveys
including, the >White
House Bay Wreck (1780s), La
Wreck (1760), Le
Casimir (1829), Carron
Wreck (1802) Tile
Wreck (1690) Musket
Ball Wreck (1790)
and the survey for Santiago (1582) and
the lost 1563 Spanish Fleet.
Spooner's doctorial thesis was entitled “Maritime
Taphonomy – A study of historic shipwreck formation
process on the north coast of the Dominican Republic from
1563 to 1829”. He holds
a BSc and is a Member of the Royal Institution of Chartered
Surveyors, as well as being appointed to Institute of Field
Archaeologists at the highest Member level. Dr. Spooner
is a member of the Council for British Archaeology as well
as the Nautical Archaeological Society.
Dr. Spooner is a well known lecturer in Maritime Archaeology.
He has taught PhD Students from NOVA Southeastern University
in the field, whilst in the Dominican Republic. He currently
is a visiting lecturer to MA maritime archaeological students
at the University of Bristol. He has spoken at numerous
conferences on the issue of the Protection of Underwater Cultural
Heritage, from as far a field as New Orleans to Cartagena. During
his holidays he lectures on Maritime Archaeology on the Seabourn
Pride, Seabourn Legend and Seabourn Spirit as well as the QE2
and QM2 cruise ships.
For the last two decades he has been teaching divers and students.
In 1991 he was appointed Advanced Instructor with the British
Sub Aqua Club, as well as being a senior instructor with PADI
and holding a 3 Star CMAS instructor ticket. Having dived all
over the world he has now made over 8,500 dives, with thousands
of hours spent underwater conducting archaeology. Dr. Spooner
also is one of a very few archaeologists in the world who have
a pilots license for the Oceaneering Hydra Magnum Commercial
ROV. He is a protector of maritime archaeological sites in the
Caribbean, fighting against looting, treasure hunters as well
as advising governments on how to protect their underwater cultural
Web - Anglo~Danish
Maritime Archaeological Team
email - firstname.lastname@example.org
Gregory P. Stemm has served
as Vice President, Research and Operations and as a member of
the Board of Directors since December 1995. Prior to that, he served
as an officer and director of Seahawk Deep Ocean Technology from
the time he co-founded the company in 1989 until January, 1994. As
a principal of Seahawk, Stemm was involved in directing research
and technology for the company, which resulted in locating two
Spanish Colonial shipwrecks in depths greater than 1,000 feet.
He was also responsible for directing the archaeological team
and operations that accomplished the world's first remote archaeological
excavation, in a depth of 1,500 feet southwest of the Florida
Greg has written articles on the ethics and future of deep ocean
shipwreck exploration and archaeological excavation, and has given
over 100 lectures on the subject at the Institute of Nautical Archaeology,
World President's Organization, Young Entrepreneur's Organization
and before other groups. He was also named a panelist on Shipwreck
Ethics at the 1998 Law of the Sea Institute.
Greg is on the Advisory Board of Ocean News and Technology Magazine,
and is currently President, and a founding Board Member, of the
Professional Shipwreck Explorers Association (ProSEA). ProSEA is
a non-profit trade association that provides a forum through which
salvors, archaeologists and government entities work together to
promote a high standard of ethics and principals in dealing with
deep sea shipwreck resources.
In addition, Stemm is a member of MENSA, The Society for Historical
Archaeology, The Society for American Archaeology, and a founder
of the Florida Aquarium. Since 1985, he has been an officer and
director of the Young Entrepreneurs Organization (YEO) , an exclusive
group of founders of companies throughout the world. The organization
consists of over 1,000 members, with an average age of 29 and annual
sales in excess of $10,000,000. Greg served as International President
of the organization in 1993, and guided the organization to its
first year in the black. He was also a founder of the Tampa Bay
chapter, and Mexico City chapters of YEO, and was responsible for
forming the organization's first "Forum", as well the
first official World President's Organization Mentor program.
Last year, Stemm was appointed to the International Board of Directors
of the World Entrepreneurs Organization, and is active in the activities
of that group. Prior to his involvement with Seahawk, Stemm was
co-founder and a partner in DeFrain-Stemm Advertising, a full service
advertising agency which included clients such as Trammell Crow
Real estate, NCNB National Bank, Hyatt Hotels and may other tourism
and real-estate-oriented businesses. Greg was responsible for all
strategic planning and marketing for clients of the agency.
web - Odyssey
email - email@example.com
Robert Pierre André Sténuit,
a former cave diver and the test diver who made at sea the first
ever experimental, deep water saturation dives (on heliox), has
for many years been devoting his full time to maritime history
and underwater archaeology. In 1970 he founded the 'Groupe de Recherche
Archéologique Sous-Marine Post Médiévale'
(GRASP) which he has directed since, together with his daughter,
the archaeologist Marie-Eve Sténuit. GRASP has devoted their
activities to the search for, the survey and the excavation of
the wrecks of these ships the traffic of which constituted the
great inter-oceanic commercial currents that followed the 15th
and 16th century geographical discoveries in Africa, the Americas
and Asia. On the one hand the ships include the wrecks of Portuguese
naús and carracks of the Carreira da India and of the
galleons and naos of the Spanish Carrera de Indias which, for
three centuries, did import in Europe not only the riches and
goods of the West Indies, the Americas and Asia, but also the
knowledge of their exotic cultures. And, on the other hand, the
wrecks of the ships of the East India companies (English, Dutch,
French, Danish, Swedish, of Ostende, of Trieste etc.) which simultaneously
were re-exporting to Asia the larger part of the riches that
had come from the West, together with Europe's own produce, in
exchange for which they would in turn bring back home the riches
and produce of the Orient.
Under the direction of Robert and Marie-Eve Sténuit, the
members of GRASP have located, excavated and published the wrecks
of 17 ancient merchant vessels. In addition a number of warships
whose guns were keeping open the great commercial lanes of the
four oceans. In its 35 years GRASP has discovered, surveyed, excavated
and published the wrecks of the following ships:
- Frigate Wendela, Danish Asiatic Company, 1737,
- Flute Lastdrager, V.O.C., 1653, Yell, Shetland
- Slot ter Hooge, V.O.C., 1724, Porto Santo, Madeira
- Witte Leeuw, V.O.C., 1613, St Helena, South Atlantic
- De Boot, V.O.C., 1738, South Devon, UK
- Winterton, E.E.I.C., 1792, Salary, Madagascar
- Saint Jean Baptiste, French East India Company,
Banc de l'Etoile, Madagascar
- Steamer Mei-Kong, 1877, Somalia
- Nao Nuestra Señora de la Asumpción Y Las
Animas, 1681, Carrera de Indias, Panama
- Galleass Girona, Invincible Armada, 1588, Northern
- Frigate Athénienne, RN, 1806, Esquerquiz,
- Cutter Sprightly, RN, 1777, Guernsey
- Curacao, Admiraliteit Amsterdam, 1729, Unst,
- Pink Evstaffi, Russian Imperial Navy, 1780,
Griff Skerry, Shetland
- Frigate Thetis, RN, 1830, Cabo Frio, Brazil
- Naú Nossa Senhora Do Monte Do Carmo,
Royal Portuguese Navy, 1775, Salary, Madagascar
Robert and Marie-Eve Sténuit are Belgian and are based
was born in Glasgow and started working life in the ship auxiliaries
industry in the north-east as a professional mechanical engineer. Over
the years, work has gradually moved him further south, but now
Jim is settled in Market Harborough which is about as far from
the sea as you can get in the UK. Jim's diving career started
in 1975 with Northampton BSAC Branch No.13 and he is still an
Original idea was just to get some
training to do holiday diving in Malta (did not like the idea
of cold, murky British waters), but he came back fully enthused
with wreck diving and history - never stopped, and now he only
ever dive in the UK waters. Early days were spent on
the classic steel wrecks around Cornwall and the Isle of Mull.
Jim soon got involved in historical
project diving; HMS Primrose (c.1809) wrecked
on the Manacles, Cornwall, the VOC ship Campen (c.1627)
wrecked on the Needles, Isle of Wight and HMS Halsewell (c1868)
wrecked at Swanage, South Dorset as well as an Armada wreck
searched for in the Firth of Clyde - but not found yet!
Since 1991 Jim has been diving in South Devon and was one of
the founder members of the 'South West Archaeological Group'.
The team has been fully committed to diving in South Devon with
the following successes;
- Erme Estuary Site - designated 1991
- Tin Ingot Site - designated in 1993, the team was
awarded the 'Duke of Edinburgh Gold Prize' in November 1993. Oak
timbers found on the site were carbon dated to 6300BP (over
4000 yrs old).
- Salcombe Cannon Site - 1995 and still actively dived. Successes
include designation in 1997, a press release at the British
Museum in November 1997 and a further press release of Bronze
Age finds in March 2005
Jim has always had a great passion for diving and discovering
'history from the sea' and feel that the British coastline has
the most to offer any diver who seeks it.
email : firstname.lastname@example.org
web : http://historyfromthesea.net/home.php
Having completed both an MBA and MA in Maritime Archaeology,
Sarah is responsible for ‘research and development’ for
the Nautical Archaeology Society. Sarah’s objectives
- to increase the profile of the NAS,
- and the
development of both the NAS training syllabus and
archaeological projects that use and improve the skills
of NAS Members, but that still have firm research outcomes.
licensee of the two Coronation protected wreck sites in
the UK, has contributed to numerous TV archaeology programmes,
and has research interests that include shipbuilding and
social relations in South and East Asia, the use of GIS
in maritime archaeology and the management and marketing
of underwater cultural heritage. Prior to formally pursuing
her interest in archaeology, Sarah spent 12 years in the
finance sector, managing a multi-million dollar lending
portfolio, the marketing function for a range of organizations
including a global investment bank, and was engaged to set
up the finance arm of a marketing and management consultancy.
Sarah has been based in the UK since 2004.
Williams is a Senior Lecturer in Law at the University of Wolverhampton. He
has published extensively on the law relating to the foreshore
and seabed and underwater cultural heritage. He advises government
departments and agencies both in the UK and abroad and is retained
as an advisor to the Crown Estate on foreshore and seabed matters.
He recently acted as Project Manager for English Heritage’s
review of the legal structure relating to marine archaeology.
Mike has commercial and recreational diving qualifications
and dives with the South West Maritime Archaeological Group.
He sits on the Joint Nautical Archaeological Policy Committee,
is a trustee of the Resurgam Trust and Honorary Secretary of
the Nautical Archaeology Society.
Mike Williams will discuss the legal disputes that followed the
loss of the Schiller, both at the Board of Trade wreck inquiry
and in the Court of Appeal over allegations of misuse of distress
signals and disputed claims for salvage respectively.